The influence of body height, body weight and body mass index on hand grip strength

Hand grip strength


  • Ratko Pavlovic University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
  • Borko Petrovic
  • Gojko Kozic
  • Jovana Ceho


anthropometrics, influence, evaluation, hand grip strength (HGS)


Reliable and valid evaluation of hand strength is of importance in determining the effectiveness different sports activity. During various physical and sports activities, the hands produce the appropriate muscular force for gripping, which is manifested as the of the Hand grip strength (HGS). The force of the handgrip is recognized as a limiting factor in all manipulative activities performed by the cranial part of the body. The current research included a sample of 16 male subjects, Body Height (BH=180.28±4.65cm); Body Weight (BW=80.05±9.96kg); Body Mass Index (BMI=24.61±2.74kg/m²) on the third year of study at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports. The aim of the study was to determine the maximum isometric muscle strength of the handgrip depending on the body height, body mass and BMI of the subjects. Basic statistical parameters, Simple regression analysis and Pearson correlation matrix were applied for data processing. The obtained research results confirmed a statistically significant influence of Body height on HGS (Pearson r Right hand=0.526; R²Right hand=0,277; p=0,021; Pearson r Left hand =0.523; R²Left hand =0.273; p=0.023).